The world’s population has doubled since 1900, and its projected to double again by 2060.
But the world’s largest countries are still struggling to keep up.
As of 2019, China has 1.1 billion people, followed by India with 1.07 billion, and Russia with 1,024,000 people.
Canada is in the second spot, with 826,000.
In the U.S., the population is projected to grow by a bit over 1.4 million by 2040.
The number of people living in countries with no population growth is set to double in Canada and the U, with the U being the largest in Canada.
“These are the two countries that are likely to be the largest population in the world by 2080, because they have populations that are quite large,” says Stephen Wilson, a population analyst with the University of Manitoba.
Canada and India are both projected to have the world the most people by 2090.
“India and Canada, they are the first to grow, and they have to do that, because there is not going to be any more space for them to grow.”
With populations growing faster in other countries, some countries may soon become “populous.”
In 2090, Canada will have about 2.2 billion people and India about 1.5 billion.
Canada has already surpassed its population, at 1.9 billion.
“So the trend is not a little bit off, it’s a lot off,” Wilson says.
Canada will become the world leader in the population growth equation by the time it has reached that 2.5-billion mark, according to a new report from the UBC Population Institute.
Canada, which is expected to have an estimated 5.2 million people by the end of the century, is projected by the UBI study to grow from about 4.3 to 5.8 million by the year 2040, a 1.7 per cent increase.
Canada also has a population of 4.5 million, more than double the current level.
China, the world with the second-largest population, will have a population increase of about 0.5 per cent, but that figure will increase from 7.5 to 8.2 per cent by 2070.
Canada’s population will reach 9.1 million in 2090 and 9.6 million in 2100, up from 9.3 million and 9 million, respectively, in the current projections.
The report says Canada will be the world at least for the next few decades.
“We’re just not in the middle of that right now,” says Wilson.
In 2050, India will have an population of 1.3 billion people.
“If we have a similar level of population growth in the U in the next 30 years, we will overtake China,” Wilson said.
“It’s really going to take time.”
A population in 2050 is about a third the size of a population in 2021, and that will continue until 2060, according the UBIP study.
By 2070, population growth will be so rapid in many countries that by 2031, India is projected as the world largest country, at nearly 4.1 trillion people.
In 2035, India’s population is expected at 4.8 trillion people, and by 2039 it is expected as the number one country.
“In 2035 India will overtake the United States and China, and we’ll overtake India as the largest country in the entire world,” Wilson predicts.
China is projected at 4 per cent growth, but as Wilson points out, China’s population was estimated to be around 1.8 billion people in 2019.
“That means China will overtake Canada in the future,” he says.
“China is a much larger country than Canada, but China has more people, so it will still be a huge country, even if Canada’s number one is just a little smaller.”
The UBI report predicts that in the 2060s, India and China will each have about 1,300 million and 1,400 million people, respectively.
“The Chinese are going to have a very big population in 2060,” Wilson warns.
“But we’ll see how long they can keep it going.”
The report does not predict that India will surpass Canada as the second largest country by 2050.
Canada was also among the top five countries in terms of the size and population of the global economy in 2019, with its GDP at $6.2 trillion.
But as of 2021, Canada’s economy was $3.9 trillion and its population was just under 830 million.
India and Pakistan were also among Canada’s top five economic players.
China was the second most important country in terms with the world population in 2019 at 7.3 trillion.
The United States was second with 6.7 trillion.
“When you add in population growth, you are going up the global growth curve,” Wilson explains.
“You are going from 1.2 to 3.6 to 4.0